The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.
Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.
Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.
Identify relationships among studies: If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.
This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles. A review is a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.
Identify the literature that you will review: You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.
Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature. Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space length denotes significance.
As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.
Definitions of key terms and concepts. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.
Writing the conclusion In the conclusion, you should: Developing a coherent essay Galvan, The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.
Consider how you reassemble your notes: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract.
Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.
If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
Group research studies and other types of literature reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e.
Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind.
Research methods Summary of research results Step 6:A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article.
A literature review is a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.
What is a review of literature? The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research.
A review is a required part of. A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject? How well you answer this question depends upon: the effectiveness of your search for information; the quality & reliability of the sources you choose.
A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject.
In either case, its purpose is to: Place each work in the context of its contribution to the. A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.
A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or. Reviewing the literature lets you see what came before, and what did and didn't work for other researchers.
To demonstrate your understanding, and your ability to critically evaluate research in the field.Download